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Answered By: Kate Anderson, Business Librarian
Last Updated: Feb 04, 2016     Views: 3482

APA references are always put together with the same pieces of information, and in a certain order:

Author. Date. Title. Access Information.

However, much of the information found on Mergent Online is difficult to cite because it falls into a gray area; for example, in Mergent, it can be difficult to determine an author, date of publication, and even the title of what you're looking at.

Reports or forms (like a 10-K form or Annual Report, and all SEC documents in the Mergent Reports and Filings pages/tabs) filed by the company, are fairly simple to cite. Visit this answer for citing Annual Reports and/or 10-Ks.

For other information, not created or written by the company, you can typically assume that Mergent is the author (unless another individual author or organization is listed). Mergent creates and compiles custom, ever-changing content. A standard citation for information and data found in Mergent Online will look like this:

Mergent, Inc. (date, or n.d. for no date). Title. Retrieved Month date, year from

Note that the title will change, depending upon what part of the Mergent site you're looking at. Also, the retrieval date is necessary and will change depending on the date you accessed the information (because the information is often refreshing). Here are two citation examples with screenshots under each one, showing what the information looks like within the database -- note that the titles are circled in red, to show how to "build" a title:

Citation Example 1:

Mergent, Inc. (n.d.). Apple company details: synopsis. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from

Citation Example 2:

Mergent, Inc. (n.d.). Apple ownership: Institutional holdings. Retrieved March 19, 2015 from

In-Text Citation:

The in-text citation should include author, date, and possibly page or paragraph number for a direct quotation; for example, (Mergent, Inc., n.d.). Are you citing two or more pages of content from the Mergent database, with the same date? If so, check out our answer on two sources with the same author and date.


If you need additional help citing information retrieved from the Mergent Online database, please connect with a Librarian via our live chat service, or send a detailed email to

Need more information on using Mergent Online? Check out the following recordings: