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Answered By: Jeneen LaSee-Willemssen
Last Updated: Mar 25, 2016     Views: 10836

PowerPoint slides may need citations, depending on what type of information is included on the slide.

If the text placed on a slide is a quote (someone else's words, verbatim) or someone else's ideas in the presenter's own words, then a citation is needed.

If the text placed on a slide is simply a word or phrase that represents a topic that the presenter will be discussing at greater detail, then a citation is not needed.

The table below includes two power point slides (left side). The column on the right tells whether or not the information would need to be cited and why.

 

 

The slide at left needs a citation because it uses a word-for-word quotation.

 

 

The slide at left does not need a citation. The words are very general and the image is from Microsoft Clip Art (part of Power Point).

 

​Coordinating reference lists are typically handed out during or after the presentation.

The PDF of the PowerPoint slide deck below ( click on picture to advance) provides more in-depth and how-to information.

 

Finally, note that images included in presentations need to be cited. We have a "how to cite images" answer to help with that.