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Answered By: Cassie Sampson, Education & General Education Librarian
Last Updated: Jul 30, 2016     Views: 63290

FIGURES

Defined:

  • Figures are any type of graphical illustration other than a table, such as: graphs, charts, maps, drawings, diagrams, and photographs.

Usage Guidelines:

  • Figures must add to the reader’s understanding of the content of the paper; they should not be added just to provide visual interest.  For more information, see section 5.20 of the APA Publication Manual.
  • Figures must be used ethically. Copyright laws must be followed; simply citing a source does not make its use copyright compliant. A good rule of thumb: Use figures from ClipArt, Creative Commons, or the library’s rights-cleared image database, Image Quest.

References and Citations:

  • You must provide complete citations for figures and tables in your paper and in your reference list. 

References with NoodleTools:

  • If the figure came from an image database, such as Image Quest, choose Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph from NoodleBib’s citation type drop-down menu.
  • If the figure came from within a source like a book, an article, or a web site, choose a citation type that matches the source.

Citations Guidelines:

  • Figure #
  • Should be italicized.
  • The number will reflect if it is the first (1), second (2), third (3), etc. figure in the paper.
  • Caption
  • In your caption, you should briefly explain what the figure is about and how it connects to the  content of the paper. The caption information should allow the figure to stand alone.
  • Citation
  • Rasmussen College allows you to insert the words Taken from: followed by a copy of your  reference item entry from NoodleTools. No hanging indent is needed.
  • APA suggests that you use its official copyright permission wording based on type of source used. The wording switches the normal order of a reference item entry. See Section 2.12 of the Publication Manual if you choose to use this method.
  • Copyright
  • Copyright date and the name of copyright holder, if available.

EXAMPLE FIGURE

  • Figure numbers are used in the text to refer to and explain the presence of the figures.
  • The citation style used for Figure 1 and 2 is what Rasmussen allows, rather than what APA suggests. The citation for Figure 1 is from an image database; the citation for Figure 2 is from a web site.
  • The citations are identical to the reference list item for the figure (or the figure’s source).

For more information, you can view the Citing Tables, Graphs, and Images page of the APA Guide below. 

 

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