How do you cite an ISSUE BRIEF in APA format?

I'm trying to do citations with NoodleBib for my final paper. I found information on a goverment website, and it was an issue brief in PDF format. How do I cite an issue brief? Do I cite it like a journal article or how do I do it?


Government agencies and research institutions often release issue briefs. 

The format for an APA reference for an issue brief located online is:

Author. (Year, Month). Title (Issue Brief No. XX). Website name. https://URL



In NoodleTools, select where you found the resource, then select Report (Technical/Research)

On the next page, enter information in the appropriate boxes on the form.  Click on the down arrow next to "Report Description" and select "Issue Brief" from the list.

Click the SAVE button in the upper right of the screen when all bibliographic information has been entered to generate an APA reference for the issue brief.

  • Last Updated Jun 28, 2021
  • Views 79318
  • Answered By Suzanne Schriefer, Librarian

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Comments (2)

  1. I do have the APA manual so I see how to site it with an "issue brief number" but the brief I have found does not have an "issue brief number" would it be wrong for me not to put one on there or is this against APA? If so how do I illustrate appropriately there is no "issue brief number"?

    Please respond by 3pm, paper is due tomorrow at 4.

    Thank you for your time.

    by Bethany on Apr 08, 2016
  2. Hi Bethany,

    Typically, if there is no report or brief number, then you would leave out the part of the reference that says (Issue Brief No. ###).

    So if you got the brief from a website, your reference would look something like:
    Author lastname, I. (Year, Month). Title of the brief in italics: Subtitle if there is one. Retrieved from
    by Sara, Librarian on Apr 08, 2016