Q. What does a "good" outline look like? What does a full-sentence outline look like? How do I create one?

Answer

An outline is a tool used  to organize written ideas about a topic or thesis into a logical order. Outlines arrange major topics, subtopics, and supporting details.  Writers use outlines when writing their papers in order to know which topic to cover in what order.  Outlines for papers can be very general or very detailed. Check with your instructor to know which is expected of you. Here are some examples of different outlines. You can also learn more by watching the short video below.


The most common type of outline is an alphanumeric outline, or an outline that uses letters and numbers in the following order:

I.     Roman Numerals

A.    I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, etc.

B.    Represent main ideas to be covered in the paper in the order they will be presented

II.    Uppercase Letters

A.   A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, etc.

B.    Represent subtopics within each main idea

III.      Arabic Numbers

   A.    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc.

   B.    Represent details or subdivisions within subtopics

IV.    Lowercase Letters

   A.    a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, l, m, etc.

   B.    Represent details within subdivisions


Outline with main ideas, subtopics, subdivisions and details:

Thesis: Drugs should be legalized.
 

I. Legalization of drugs would reduce crime rates

A. Prohibition  

1. Before Prohibition, crime rate related to alcohol were low-to-medium  

2. During Prohibition, crime rates related to alcohol were high

a. Arrests for drunkenness and disorderly conduct increase 41%  

b. Federal prison population increased 366%  

3. After Prohibition, crime rates related to alcohol were very low 

B. Amsterdam/Netherlands 

1. Before Amsterdam had legalized marijuana, drug-related crime rates were high

2. After Amsterdam had legalized marijuana, drug-related crime rates dropped

II. Legalization of drugs would benefit the economy

A. Taxes

1. Local taxes 

2. State taxes 

3. Federal taxes

B. Business Owners

1. Drug production  

2. Drug quality testing  

3. Drug sales

III. Legalization of drugs would benefit public health

A. Quality of drugs would increase

1. Fake/dangerous drugs eliminated

2. Fake/placebo drugs eliminated

3. Amount of active ingredient standardized and stabilized

B. Drug users with addiction issues would get more help

1. Hospitals

2. Clinics

3. Public health clinics

C. Your people would be less likely to start drugs


Full-sentence outline:

  • Each roman numeral (I, II, III, IV…) indicates the start of a new paragraph. So I. is the first sentence of the introduction, II. is the first sentence of the first paragraph of the body, III. is the first sentence of the second paragraph of the body, and so on.
  •  Each capital letter (A, B, C, D…) indicates a main point within the structure of the paragraph. So in our introduction, A. is the attention getter, B. is another attention getter, C. describes a point that makes the topic personal, and D. is the thesis statement.
  • Each Arabic numeral (1, 2, 3, 4…) indicates a sentence or piece of supporting evidence for each main point. So in the first body paragraph (II.), point A. is a general statement that needs some additional support, so 1. provides a supporting statement of fact and the citation of where that information came from. 2. provides another sentence with supporting evidence, as does 3.

Example of a full-sentence outline:

Warming Our World and Chilling Our Future

Thesis Statement: Today I want to share what I have learned about global warming and its causes.

I. Global warming is alive and well and thriving in Antarctica.

      A. In winter 1995, an iceberg the size of Rhode Island broke off.

      B. In October 1998, an iceberg the size of Delaware broke off.

      C. All of us have a lot at stake.

            1. Now, I am what you call a “country mouse.”

            2. I love the outdoors.

            3. You can be a “city mouse,” and like clean air, good water, and not having to worry about sun.

      D. Today I want to share what I have learned about global warming and its causes.

II. Global warming is a gradual warming of the Earth from human activities (citation).

      A. It is characterized by a high concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

            1. Each year five tons of CO2 are pumped into the atmosphere (citation).

            2. The carbon dioxide traps heat.

            3. 1998 set temperature records (citation).

      B. Carbon pollutants also eat a hole in the ozone layer (citation).

            1. In 1998 this hole set a size record.

            2. This allows more ultraviolet radiation to reach Earth.

      C. If this problem is not corrected; we may see disastrous results (citation).

            1. There could be dramatic climate changes.

                  a. There could be drought in the middle of continents.

                  b. There could be many severe storms.

                  c. There could be rising sea levels that would destroy coastal areas.

            2. There could be serious health problems.

                  a. There could be an increase in skin cancer.

                  b. There could be an increase in cataracts.

                  c. There could be damaged immune systems.

      D. Now that you understand what global warming is and why it is important, let’s examine its major causes.

III. The loss of woodlands adds to global warming (citation).
            …..

IV. Industrial emissions accelerate global warming (citation).
            …..

V. Personal energy consumption magnifies global warming (citation).
            …..

VI. In conclusion, if you want to know why we have global warming, listen for the falling trees, watch the industrial smokestacks darkening the sky, and smell the exhaust fumes we are pumping into the air.

        A. Gore told a story on how global warming can sneak up on us.

        B. Addressing the National Academy of Sciences, the vice president said, “If dropped into a pot of boiling water….”

        C. The more we know about global warming, the more likely we are to jump and the less likely we are to be cooked.

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  • Last Updated Jun 24, 2020
  • Views 376121
  • Answered By Anna Phan

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Comments (30)

  1. This is very helpful. Thanks a lot!
    by krystal on Apr 01, 2015.
  2. Very nice and very helpful. I mean my parents are making me do a outline about a state.
    by Zelda on Apr 09, 2015.
  3. Very helpful, it cleared things up a lot for me, so thanks!
    by Roxy on Oct 05, 2015.
  4. Very helpful! Thank You! (Thumbs up!!)
    by Mavis on Oct 14, 2015.
  5. Were very helpful Thanks!
    by annette on Oct 18, 2015.
  6. Thank you guys this helped me out big time! It's actually saving my English grade from dropping. ;) And I really didn't know how a 'good' outline was suppose to look like soo Thank you Thank you Thank you!!!!!
    by Tiffanie on Nov 16, 2015.
  7. Thanks so much! This is perfect, especially the way you've explained what each area should contain. It's something writers need to know but so often get wrong.
    by Tammy on Oct 28, 2016.
  8. Thank you!! This was very helpful, as I am a watch and do type of person!
    by Alisa on Mar 23, 2017.
  9. The hardest part in writing a paper is the outlining. this is real good and helpful. thanks very much.
    by Archie on Jul 25, 2017.
  10. You made outlining easy for me
    Am forever grateful
    by joana jewel on Oct 02, 2017.
  11. This is a great video, very helpful and easy to follow.
    by cvelez on Apr 25, 2018.
  12. This was VERY helpful. Thank you!
    by Donna on May 18, 2018.
  13. Exactly what I needed. Thank you.
    by Sharon on Aug 12, 2018.
  14. i totally had no idea about the outline, thank you so much.
    by ngare irene on Aug 16, 2018.
  15. THIS!! Thank-you for taking the time to do this, I found it very helpful.
    by Lauren B. on Sep 22, 2018.
  16. After 45 minutes of surfing the web, this is the first helpful article I have come across in my attempt to find an outline example. Thank you.
    by Kate Metcalfe on Oct 10, 2018.
  17. Thank you so much. This was very helpful. The video and explanation was very easy to follow.
    by Linda Armstrong on Feb 18, 2019.
  18. Thankyou for putting the outline in full detail it helped me out alot.
    by Rosio on Mar 19, 2019.
  19. Thank you very much! Very helpful!
    by Loretha M on Apr 09, 2019.
  20. Exactly what I need. This is so helpful. Thank you!!!
    by My Le on May 15, 2019.
  21. thank you so much. it's such a big help. God Bless
    by flor timbal on Jun 21, 2019.
  22. This was extremely helpful towards my assignment that I am required to do in order to receive a grade.
    by Rhelle on Jul 27, 2019.
  23. Very, very helpful!!!!!!!! :D
    by Miranda S. on Aug 23, 2019.
  24. I found this video most useful. Thank you!
    by Ibironke on Sep 14, 2019.
  25. very helpful, its been a long time since I had to d this. This was by far the easiest to understand. Thanks,
    by Ms P on Apr 15, 2020.
  26. interesting thank you so much
    by Fausat Wellington on Apr 25, 2020.
  27. Many thanks! Very helpful, simple and effective.
    by Oliver on May 25, 2020.
  28. Great video...... Thanks
    by Belle on Jun 17, 2020.
  29. This is a great tutorial! Thanks
    by Jeff on Jun 22, 2020.
  30. This is good to explain. regards Devansh Chaurasiya
    by Devansh Chaurasiya on Jun 26, 2020.