Q. How do I cite information from Passport - Euromonitor?


First, APA references are always put together with the same pieces of information, and in a certain order:

Author. Date. Title. Access Information.

However, much of the information found in Passport is difficult to cite because it falls into a gray area; for example, in Passport, it can be difficult to determine an author, date of publication, and even the title of your source.

Euromonitor International often will be the author since they analyze the data, then create and compile custom content. Use Euromonitor International as the author, unless another author (like one of Euromonitor's analysists) is provided.

Typically a retrieval date will not be necessary, unless you are using a source that updates frequently, like stock market data.


Passport Reference Format:

Euromonitor International. (date, or n.d. for no date). Title. Retrieved from https://www.portal.euromonitor.com/ or the

permanent link URL

Passport Reference Example:

Euromonitor International (n.d.). Average gross income of population aged 35-39 North America. Retrieved from


In-Text Citation:

(Euromonitor International, n.d.)

Include the page or paragraph number if using a direct quote, for example (Euromonitor International, n.d., p. 2)


If you are citing multiple pages/data sets from Passport with the same date (or with no date), you can differentiate between them in-text by following these instructions.

  • Last Updated Feb 15, 2019
  • Views 6042
  • Answered By Kate Anderson, Business Librarian

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