Answered By: Ashley Guy, Nursing Librarian Last Updated: Jul 11, 2018 Views: 1770
Definition of evidence-based practice (EBP)
EBP delivers the most appropriate care to patients with the use of current research evidence, clinical expertise, and an understanding of the patient (Klem & Weiss, 2005).
Steps of EBP
1. Ask: Formulate an answerable question (Do you have an example of a PICO clinical question?)
2. Acquire: Find the best available evidence or resources to answer the question
3. Appraise: Critically appraise the evidence for validity, impact, relevance, and applicability
4. Apply: Implement the results by combining the evidence and clinical expertise
5. Evaluate: Access effectiveness of the decision
Resource types (Levin &Feldman, 2006)
Primary Resources (Literature):
- Published accounts of original research and clinical findings found in journal articles.
Secondary Resources (Literature):
- Resources that summarize and comment on original research in the form of systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and reviews of individual articles.
Primary and secondary resources may be accessed through the Library databases :
- Ovid Nursing Journals
- Health Sciences and Nursing via ProQuest
- Joanna Briggs Institute Collection
Visit the School of Nursing Research page for more comprehensive information about EBP.
Klem, M. L., & Weiss, P. M. (2005). Evidence-based resources and the role of librarians in developing evidence-based practice curricula. Journal of Professional Nursing, 21(6), 380-386. Retrieved from http://www.professionalnursing.org/issues
Levin, R. F., & Feldman, H. R. (2006). Teaching evidence-based practice in nursing: A guide for academic and clinical settings. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.