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Answered By: Cassie Sampson, Education & General Education Librarian
Last Updated: Jul 30, 2016     Views: 3958

If the source you have has no author listed, double check. You may find it hiding!

  1. You will be looking first for a human being author (last name and first name).
  2. If there is no human being listed as author, look around for a "group" author. Group authors will typically be something like the name of an association, department or government agency.
    1. If you are using NoodleTools to create your references, there is a place for group author entry. You put it in the same place you would normally type the author's last name.
  3. If you still have no author, then leave the author information out of your APA reference.

When you have no author in an APA reference, the title of the source moves into the author's place.

Normally, APA references with an author will look like this:

Author. (Date). Title. Access information.

An APA reference without an author will look like this:

Title. (Date). Access information.

To see examples, click on the tab below for What if information is missing? 

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