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Answered By: Sara Stambaugh, Digital Services Librarian
Last Updated: May 10, 2016     Views: 379

If the source you are citing has no publication date listed, double check. It may be hiding!

  • If you are citing an article from a website, sometimes the date is listed towards the bottom next to the copyright symbol. The date may also be located right underneath the article and not underneath the comments, references, and extra materials. 

If you can't locate a date, n.d. will replace the year. n.d. = No Date

Example reference:

Smith, J. E. (n.d.). Turkeys are cool. Wausau, WI: Willemssen Publishing.

For in-text citations, if there is no publication date, the citation should follow the citation form and substitute "n.d." (without the quotation marks) for the date.

Example in-text citation:

(Smith, n.d.)

To see more examples, click on the tab below for What if information is missing? 


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