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Answered By: Suzanne Schriefer, Education & General Education Librarian
Last Updated: Jul 30, 2016     Views: 29898

Government agencies and research institutions often release issue briefs. 

The format for an APA reference for an issue brief located online is:

Author. (Year, Month). Title (Issue Brief No. XX). Retrieved from URL



In NoodleTools, first select where you found the resource, then select Report (Technical/Research)

On the next page, select the tab for the format (ie, print, website, etc.) then enter information in the appropriate boxes on the form.  Click on the down arrow next to "Report Description" and select "Issue Brief" from the list.

Click "Create Citation" when all of the bibliographic information has been entered to generate an APA reference for the issue brief.

Comments (2)

  1. I do have the APA manual so I see how to site it with an "issue brief number" but the brief I have found does not have an "issue brief number" would it be wrong for me not to put one on there or is this against APA? If so how do I illustrate appropriately there is no "issue brief number"?

    Please respond by 3pm, paper is due tomorrow at 4.

    Thank you for your time.

    by Bethany on Apr 08, 2016.
  2. Hi Bethany,

    Typically, if there is no report or brief number, then you would leave out the part of the reference that says (Issue Brief No. ###).

    So if you got the brief from a website, your reference would look something like:
    Author lastname, I. (Year, Month). Title of the brief in italics: Subtitle if there is one. Retrieved from
    by Sara, Librarian on Apr 08, 2016.