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Answered By: BethMarie Gooding
Last Updated: Mar 07, 2016     Views: 154

A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. 

A preposition is a connector; it indicates relationships in a sentence.  There are many prepositions out there, but here is a list of the most common:

about, above, across, after, against, among, around, as, at before, beside, between, beyond, by, during, except, for, from, in, in front of, inside, into, near, next to, of, off, on, on top of, out, out of, outside, over, since, through, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, within

A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.  Examples include: dog, cat, fish, school, pencil, computer, etc.

A pronoun takes the place of a noun to avoid repeating the noun over and over again.  Examples include:  he, she, it, they, their, our, her, his, him, them, I, we, me, us.

Examples of prepositional phrases:

The man in the bus is snoring. = in the bus is the prepositional phrase

The cat under the bed is hiding. = under the bed is the prepositional phrase

Please see the attached links for more information.  You may also find this answer about proper and common nouns useful.