Answered By: BethMarie Gooding
Last Updated: Jul 12, 2018     Views: 36415

Movie Reference Pattern:

Producer, & Director. (date). Title [format]. Country of origin: studio.

YouTube or Internet Video Reference Pattern:

Creator/author [screen name if used]. (date). Title [video file]. Retrieved from URL.

See more information at:

Sample References:

Brown, A. (2013, February 9). Florence Nightingale: Iron

maiden [video file]. Retrieved from

Stanton, A. & Unkrich, L. (Directors). (2003). Finding Nemo [Motion

picture]. United States: Walt Disney Pictures and Pixar Animation.

TexasGirly1979. (2013, August 5). Cat wearing a shark costume

cleans the kitchen on a Roomba [video file]. Retrieved from

Sample Citations that Match the Above References:

Bruce, the shark, states that he is "a nice shark, not a mindless eating machine" (Stanton & Unkrich, 2003).

Brown (2013) includes an interview with Jehanne Wake, a biographer of Florence Nightingale, who states that Nightingale's family were progressive liberals and even radicals.

  • Note: unlike direct quotations from books, articles, and web pages, movies do not have page or paragraph numbers you can include.
  • Note: you do not need to keep track of minutes or tracks.

Creating Your Own References in NoodleTools:

  1. Login to your NoodleTools account.
  2. Create a project or use a pre-existing project.
  3. Click on Sources.
  4. Click Create New Citation.
  5. Under "where is it?" select Website or Viewed/heard live (depending on the source for the video or movie).
  6. Choose one of the following (as appropriate),
    1. Video Clip (Online)
    2. Video Podcast
    3. Film or Video Recording (Movie, DVD, etc.)
    4. Television Program
  7. Answer the questions about your video or movie...:
    1. You will be asked for a variety of information including things like producer and director. You will also be able to indicate the format of the film or recording: DVD, VHS, YouTube, etc.
  8.  Click on Submit when you are done.


Here is what this looks like in NoodleTools.

Under "Where is it?" Click Website or Viewed/Heard Live, and then choose Video Clip (Online), Video Podcast, Film or Video Recording, or Television Program.

Also see our APA Citation online guide for further examples, guides and videos.

For the APA-obsessed:

In the Publication Manual (6th edition) you will see this:

Example 77 (p 215): YouTube video title NOT italicized.

Example 49 (p 209): Video title italicized.

Rationale, quoted from the APA blog linked to above:

“Here's the reason for the difference: The example...on page 215 of the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological provided as an example of a "Video blog post." If a post, written or video, is part of a blog, it is one part of a larger, overarching work. This means that, like the title of an article in a journal or the title of a chapter in a book, the post's title is not italicized in the reference. A stand-alone YouTube video is more like a video or movie that happens to be online. Thus, Example 49 for a video reference on page 209 of the Publication Manual is the basis for the italics.”

We think both of the YouTube videos we included are stand-alones, thus we italicized.

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