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Answered By: Sara Stambaugh, Digital Services Librarian
Last Updated: Apr 06, 2017     Views: 6986

OpenStax is a little different from your typical e-textbook. You're looking at a group author instead of a person.

Your reference will follow this pattern:

Author. (Year). Title. Publication City, ST: Publisher. Retrieved from http://URL

Here's an example citation for the Anatomy & Physiology textbook:

OpenStax College. (2013). Anatomy & physiology. Houston, TX: OpenStax CNX. Retrieved from

OpenStax College is your group author. The copyright date (year) and the URL can be found on the copyright page of the PDF of the e-textbook. 


If you have a link to the e-textbook in your class, and it opens in your browser (and not in a PDF), then the copyright date may be different. To find the correct copyright date for the web-based version of the textbook, go to the Table of Contents area, select "Preface" and then look for the "Attribution" section (it may be all the way at the bottom of the page). The copyright date should be located there.

Attribution example. How to reuse and attribute this content image from OpenStax website.